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Political Prisoner PDF Download by Paul Manafort

Political Prisoner book pdf download for free or read online, also Political Prisoner pdf was written by Paul Manafort. Political Prisoner PDF Book Detail Book Name:  Political Prisoner Author:  Paul Manafort Publish date:  16 August 2022 Pages:  384 Genre:  Politics Language:  English Filetype: PDF Political Prisoner Book PDF Summary In the battle against Donald Trump, propaganda was the principal weapon used by the government-corporate-media Establishment. Democrat Party leadership has routinely disseminated accusations from anonymous sources, promoted them by a partisan media, and finally debunked them when the facts became apparent. Nevertheless, the truth had already been revealed by the time it became public. There had already been casualties. Paul Manafort was one of the most prominent casualties. Democratic leaders and Establishment allies worked together with foreign operatives in order to fabricate a completely false narrative about Paul’s supposed conspiracies with pro-Russ

How Does The Internet Work?

 

How Does The Internet Work?
Hello friends, Have you ever thought about who runs the internet? Who controls the internet worldwide? In this article, I'd like to tell you about the internet. Because the internet is an important tool in maintaining freedom and democracy worldwide. Countries like China keep their citizens blocked off completely from certain websites.

Some websites like Google, Youtube, and Facebook are permanently blocked there. Because the Chinese government wants to brainwash its citizens in a particular way. Therefore, I think it's essential to understand how the internet works and what it is. This is what I'd like to tell you in this article.

How Does The Internet Work?

www.youtube.com This is a URL/link "youtube" here, is called a domain name, and the".com" is called the top-level domain. If you want to build your own website, then you will have to buy your domain name. There are some websites that sell domain names as their job. For example, GoDaddy.com. You need to go to GoDaddy.com if you wish to buy a domain name for your website. Now the question is, who gave GoDaddy the authority to sell domain names? Who is GoDaddy to sell domain names? There must be someone who gives assent to GoDaddy to sell domain names. And if there's no one, then GoDaddy has become the boss of the internet in a way. That is, it would be the one to sell domain names as well as decide who can own which website.

But this isn't so. There is another authority above it. The name of this authority is ICANN. Internet Corporation For Assigned Names And Numbers-  ICANN. This is a nonprofit organization based in Los Angeles. You could say that this is the top-level authority regarding the internet. It has the power to authorize websites like GoDaddy.com to sell domain names. This is the authority that decides upon which websites can sell domain names. This is the top-level authority that decides upon which domain names can actually exist.

There could be .com, .in, .info or .gov. All of this is decided by ICANN (for example), we may make a website with .gov in its name. We may build domain names with .com in it. Although it is a nonprofit organization, it sells top-level domain names to the rest of the companies by bidding. The companies that it sells to are called "registries". You can go on the website of ICANN and see which companies have bought the different top-level domains. For example, .aaa has been bought by American Automobile Association. Below the registries are the registrars.

Companies like GoDaddy.com can sell both top-level domains as well as domain names to the people. So, is ICANN the God of the internet? This cannot be said because the internet is a very decentralized network. You could consider it to be akin to a net. All the mobile phones and computers that are connected to the internet, make up the internet.

You could call it a "server". Your mobile phones and computers are data centers and servers that are connected to each other through wires. Huge underwater cables have been laid worldwide across the continents. That connects the computers worldwide to one another which make up the internet. Now, you could ask that my mobile phone isn't connected with any cable, then how does the internet work on it? Mobile phones operate through mobile towers and (offer) 3g, and 4g which do not have an extremely wide range.

Your mobile phones have the 3g/4g signal only when you are close to the mobile towers. But if you move a little further away, then the signals (on your phone) won't show up. So the towers of the mobile phones are actually connected to wires. And they are eventually connected to those wires that are connected to the wires connected worldwide.

So, in a way, you could say that the company that has laid down these wires holds a huge amount of significant power because it is supplying the internet to many different places. Secondly, you could say that the companies that lay down cables on land to help the internet reach every household by connecting these wires to the main cable and connect your computers to the internet worldwide. They too hold a huge amount of significant power.

They are called internet service providers- ISPs. These would be (companies like) Airtel, Jio, and BSNL that supply internet to your homes. And yes, they do hold significant power. Because these ISPs can block certain websites in the direction of the Government. If the Government says so. But they do not hold sufficient powers to control a lot of things. Because you could use VPNs to overcome the blockages of the ISPs.

What is IP Address?

Just like every mobile phone has a number from which you can call another mobile phone, Similarly, every device that is connected to the internet has an IP address. Be it your computer, your smartphone, or be it any other server like a data center if it's connected to the internet, it will have an IP address. Each website to has an IP address. For example, if you make a phone call on a number, then the call goes to another phone to which you can talk.

Similarly, when you type an IP address in your browser, it goes to another server and you are able to view the website of that server on your own computer. Now you could say that you type the domain name, not the IP address. The domain names are connected to the IP addresses. Actually, humans cannot read the IP addresses because it is written in digits and numbers. So the domain name is a human-readable form of an IP address. When you type the domain name of a website in your browser, then the thing that converts the domain name into the IP address is called the Domain Name Server- DNS.

Sometimes the Internet Service Providers block certain websites from the DNS so that when you type the domain name, it is not able to link it to the particular IP address. So the DNS of the Internet Service Providers blocks you from reaching certain websites. For this, you can simply use a public DNS. For example, the DNS of Google is 8.8.8.8. You can go to your mobile settings and change your DNS. You can go to your computer settings and change your DNS to begin using the Google DNS. Then the blocked websites will get unblocked. Obviously using the VPN is another way.

Who Controls the Internet?

So let us revert to our original question. Who controls the Internet? To whom does it belong? The correct answer to this would be that it belongs to nobody and belongs to everybody. Because the internet runs only when it is a decentralized system.

And if you wish to buy a part of the internet, if you wish to own it. You can only do it when you build a website of your own. How can you build a website? Buy your own domain name. Then you'd need to buy a server where your website can be stored. Now you could point out that I had stated that your mobile phones and your computers could also be servers. Yes, they could be. But it does not have enough processing power and space to store an entire website.

Also, neither your computers nor your phones run 24/7. Only when it runs 24/7, will your website be available to the users 24/7 on the internet. So what the people generally do is. Large companies have set up their data centers and huge servers, which are very secure. You could go buy a server there to store your website. Then you will have to link your domain name to your server and publish your DNS. Now, think about it. You own a website. What If you're able to use this website like you use your harddisks or pen drives at home?

Because the website is providing you with a storage space, which is on the server. Whenever you're out somewhere (you could) merely open up your website on the internet and you're able to view the documents on the website just like you view the documents stored on a hard disk. The difference is, that the world would not be able to access this website. Only you would be able to access it because it would have a username and password. So you get your own website which you can use as a hard disk.

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